Explain this modernity as both an era of time and a quality.
As the concept of modernity can be interpreted in various ways, my explanations are as follows. When describing modernity as an era of time, (at least as the book interprets, p. 739) it is the era in which the world has started accepting two schools of thought: religious or scientific. The reason why I suggest this is because I feel that today’s post-modern world was really shaped by the consequences/ aftermath of this kind of thinking (i.e. scientific thought led to advancements in technology which led the world to the technology we have today).
Since Chapter 22 describes the Enlightenment (which what led to modernity) as coexistent throughout the world within the same time, I can say that modernity began in the 18th Century and flourished rapidly in the 19th and 20th Centuries until the Cold War. Therefore, the quality of modernity, I could say, is how much has moved forward in terms of standard of living, education, transportation, work, etc. In fact, modernity would not describe “uncivilized behavior” (p. 761) where modernist thoughts would include “civilizing” uneducated, unsocialized children.